China

Cybersecurity Law

Score:

1 out of 5

November 2016: Enacted

The law prescribes that instant messaging services and other Internet companies must require users to register their real names and personal information, and censor content that is “prohibited.” The law also forces “critical information infrastructure operators” to store data within China’s borders. Because the law does not include a clear definition of infrastructure operators, many businesses could be lumped into the definition. The law also states that businesses must provide “technical support” to government agencies during investigations - meaning they must provide encryption backdoors allowing access to communications and information. The Cybersecurity Law also criminalizes content that encourages “overthrowing the socialist system,” “fabricating or spreading false information to disturb economic order,” or “incit[ing] separatism or damage national unity."

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Pros

None.

Cons

There are a multitude of cons, which all illustrate that China will force technology to adapt to an oppressive socialist state. This law further tightens China's grip on the Internet, decreases privacy and increases censorship.

Tags:
  • Censorship,
  • Encryption,
  • International,
  • Mass Surveillance,
  • Privacy